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Mantle Cell Lymphoma > MCL 2012 update on
diagnosis, risk-stratification, and clinical management

Last update: 05/27/2012

 

Am J Hematol. 2012 Jun;

Mantle cell lymphoma: 2012 update on diagnosis, risk-stratification, and clinical management.

Vose JM. Source: Division of Hematology/Oncology, University of Nebraska Medical Center, Omaha, Nebraska.

Abstract

=Disease Overview:

Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a non-Hodgkin lymphoma characterized by involvement of the lymph nodes, spleen, blood, and bone marrow with a short remission duration to standard therapies and a median overall survival of 4-5 years.  (median OS - meaning about half live less long, half live longer)

=Diagnosis:

Diagnosis is based on lymph node, bone marrow, or tissue morphology of centrocytic lymphocytes, small cell type, or blastoid variant cells.

A chromosomal translocation t(11:14) is the molecular hallmark of MCL, resulting in the overexpression of cyclin D1. Cyclin D1 is detected by immunohistochemistry in 98% of cases.

The absence of SOX-11 or a low Ki-67 may correlate with a more indolent form of MCL.

The differential diagnosis of MCL includes small lymphocytic lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma, and follicular lymphoma.

=Risk Stratification:

The mantle cell lymphoma international prognostic index (MIPI) is the prognostic model most often used and incorporates ECOG performance status, age, leukocyte count, and lactic dehydrogenase.

A modification of the MIPI also adds the Ki-67 proliferative index if available.

The median overall survival (OS) for the low-risk group was not reached (5-year OS of 60%). The median OS for the intermediate risk group was 51 and 29 months for the high-risk group.

=Risk-Adapted Therapy:

For selected indolent, low MIPI MCL patients, initial observation may be appropriate therapy. For younger patients with intermediate or high risk MIPI MCL, aggressive therapy with a cytarabine containing regimen autologous stem cell transplantation should be considered. For older MCL patients with intermediate or high risk MIPI, combination chemotherapy with R-CHOP, R-Bendamustine, or a clinical trial should be considered.

At the time of relapse, agents directed at activated pathways in MCL cells such as bortezomib (NFkB inhibitor), BTK inhibitors or CAL-101 (B-cell receptor inhibitors) or lenalidamide (antiangiogenesis) have clinical activity in MCL patients. Autologous or allogeneic stem cell transplantation can also be considered in young patients. Am. J. Hematol. 87:604-609, 2012. 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Copyright 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
 

 
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